SEmG

Bulleid WC/BB 'West Country' and
'Battle of Britain' class Tenders

Matching the correct tender with the correct locomotive is even more of a nightmare where the Light Pacifics are concerned than with the Merchant Navy class! Once again the complexity of tender options is vast so this is not meant to be an in-depth detailed work on the subject, more a summary. Any further verifiable information for this page will be gratefully received.

Unlike the very similar Merchant Navy Class tenders there were just two series of builds of Light Pacific tenders, the first of 4,500 gallon capacity and 8' 6" wide for 21C101 to 21C170 and the second of 5,500 gallon capacity for 34071 to 34110. Both series held 5 tons of coal, had a double-framed chassis with six 3 ft 7 ins Bulleid-Firth-Brown wheels, four top mounted vacuum reservoir cylinders, cab steps and a water capacity plate. The main water filler was situated in the center at the back of the tender with a lid that folded back giving uninterrupted access to the filler. The top of the tender sides were curved inwards (known as raves) to match the shape of Bulleid's coaches and the rear ends were fitted with two ladders. All bar five were modified between 1952 and 1964 with cut-down raves to assist with taking water and coal.

First series, 4,500 gallon, 8' 6" wide tender Nº3266 attached to Nºs21C107 Wadebridge and photographed at Wadebridge on 16th July 1948.

photograph: P Chancellor collection

Tender 3286

The First Series

As built:
Nos 3251-3320
5 tons coal, 4,500 gallons water
Weight: 42 tons 12 cwt fully laden.
Wheelbase: 6 ft 6 in + 6 ft 6 in
Built: 1945-7

Based on the Merchant Navy tenders, the Light Pacific tenders were smaller and fitted with four rather than three vacuum reservoir cylinders, mounted on top of the tender behind the coal. The front was connected to the engine's cab with flexible sheeting. As is mentioned above, each tender had the raves that had been a feature of the Merchant Navy tenders, but these caused problems when coaling and watering whilst water could collect behind them which accelerated the onset of rust and corrosion. To counter-act this three tenders had the raves cut down in 1952, which was deemed a great success (though not for aesthetics) but despite this, no more were so treated until the modifying programme began in 1957.
All these tenders gave a lot of trouble and suffered from split welds, bulging plating and buckled washplates as well as the corrosion mentioned above. Most had repairs and strengthening but three had to be modified, at which time their width was increased to 9', the water capacity was increased to 5,250 gallons and the fully laden weight to 46 tons 16 cwt. In addition, when 9' wide tender number 3354 was similarly modified, the tank was re-used on tender 3271, thus giving it a water capacity of 5,500 gallons.
Bearing in mind the problems associated with this first series is is interesting to note that the first tender, Nº3251, lasted until the end of Southern Steam in July 1967.

Modified tenders:
Nos 3261 (Feb 1959), 3273 (Mar 1960) and 3313 (Jan 1959)
5 tons coal, 5,250 gallons water
Weight: 46 tons 16 cwt fully laden.
Rebodied tender:
No 3271 (Mar 1959)
5 tons coal, 5,500 gallons water
Weight: ?

These were easily recognisable from the remainder of the first series cut down tenders as, apart from the 9' tank they had higher side plating, rectangular manhole covers, BR pattern lockers, more robust rear ladders and carried their oval number plate on the opposite side from the original Bulleid tenders.

Tender 3266 First series, 4,500 gallon, modified 8' 6" wide tender Nº3286 attached to Nº34033 Chard and photographed at Eastleigh during 1965.

photograph by Keith Harwood

The Second Series

As built:
Nos 3321-3340 and 3351-3370 *
5 tons coal, 5,500 gallons water
47 tons 15 cwt fully laden
Wheelbase: 6 ft 6 in + 6 ft 6 in
* the 'missing' ten numbers were given to Merchant Navy tenders.

The decision not to use the Light Pacifics on the Tonbridge-Hastings route allowed the remaining locomotives to be built a little wider at 9', so the tenders followed suit. The extra width allowed for an increase in water capacity to 5,500 gallons. Subsequent tender swaps led to cases of 8' 6" wide locos with 9' wide tenders, and vice versa.
These second series tenders did not give as many problems as the first and only one, 3354, was modified. The original water tank, though, must have been in good condition as it was re-used on 8' 6" wide tender number 3271, as detailed above. All bar one of the second series were modified with cut-down raves, as with the first series of 8' 6" tenders above.

Modified tender
No 3354 (Nov 1958)
5 tons coal, 5,250 gallons water
Weight: 46 tons 16 cwt fully laden.

Second series, 5,500 gallon, modified 9' wide tender Nº3352 attached to Nº34040 Crewkerne and photographed at the Salisbury coal stage on 19th March 1966.

photograph by Dave Mant

Tender 3352
 
Tender 3352 A rather grainy picture, but..... On the right is 34040 on Salisbury turntable on 19th March 1966 and the characteristics of the 9' wide, 5,500 gallon, cut-down tender can be seen. The raised section of the tank is clearly visible, and the correpondingly high vacuum cylinders with the cover almost as high as the top of the coal space.
On the left is a cut-down 4,500 gallon tender which has a flat top where the tank does not rise as high, and the cover over the vacuum cylinders can be seen to be appreciably lower when compared with the coal space than on the 5,500 gallon tender.

photograph by Dave Mant

Between Autumn 1948 and summer 1949 five of the Light Pacific tenders were loaned to new Merchant Navy class locomotives whose tenders were not yet built.
Some locomotives kept the same tender for the whole of their lives whilst others had as many as seven attached. Towards the end of Southern steam it is quite possible that there were more tender swaps that were not officially recorded, which would have a bearing on the information below:

Light Pacific Tenders
For the sake of simplicity, only British Railways numbers are used in this table.
Loco number & date attached Modified Wdn
3251 34001 21/6/45 34046 1/48 34043 16/8/48 34029 4/1/49 34093 22/11/58     5/60 7/67
3252 34003 6/45 34015 31/12/45 34043 31/7/47 34047 25/11/48 34105 1/10/58 34063 22/12/59 34038 28/8/65 1/60 6/66
3253 34002 6/45 34038 3/12/55 34063 28/8/63     8/61 8/65
3254 34013 30/10/45 34108 28/9/57 34027 14/11/64     5/59 8/64
3255 34015 19/11/45 34003 12/45 34018 17/1/46 34016 25/2/46 34088 23/3/58     4/60 3/67
3256 34038 5/9/46 34050 15/12/48 34096 4/56 34050 4/7/56 34098 23/8/58     12/59 6/67
3257 34014 12/11/45 34074 5/2/58         ----- 6/63
3258 34017 8/12/45 34096 2/11/57           4/61 9/64
3259 34016 28/11/45 34018 25/2/46 34077 12/8/58         7/60 3/67
3260 34044 22/10/46 35026 12/48 34039 9/6/49 34005 ? 34094 1/6/57 1/62 8/64
3261 34019 24/12/45 34044 1/4/49 34046 15/5/56         Rebodied 2/59 10/65
3262 34018 17/12/45 34003 1/46         8/61 3/67
3263 34012 20/10/45 34011 6/47           9/52 11/63
3264 34005 7/45 34049 1/2/48 34057 17/5/50         12/61 5/67
3265 34004 30/6/45 34009 30/9/47           1/61 10/66
3266 34006 4/8/45 34007 31/7/47       12/62 10/65
3267 34020 31/12/45 34067 ?         5/61 11/63
3268 34007 1/9/45 34006 31/7/47 34042 27/4/48 34037 10/2/49 34079 29/1/58     5/59 2/66
3269 34010 9/45 34090 1/59         8/60 7/67
3270 34008 10/9/45 34028 9/8/58         6/60 6/67
3271 34009 21/9/45 34012 30/6/47 34004 30/9/47 34006 9/8/48 34062 13/1/49     3/59 8/64
3272 34011 10/45 34106 31/1/58           6/61 9/64
3273 34023 4/2/46 34034 22/9/54 34059 9/54     Rebodied 3/60 5/66
3274 34024 11/2/46 34036 1/11/52 34024 3/3/53         2/61 7/67
3275 34025 4/3/46 34027 16/4/48 34027 26/4/51 34076 7/9/57   8/59 1/66
3276 34027 15/4/46 34025 16/4/48 34027 24/2/51 34081 29/5/57       7/59 8/64
3277 34021 18/1/46 34072 22/11/57         ----- 10/64
3278 34022 25/1/46 34080 13/11/57 34075 4/64     6/59 4/64
3279 34028 1/5/46 34110 2/8/58           8/58 11/63
3280 34026 6/4/46 34051 21/3/49 34065 25/8/50         11/52 4/64
3281 34036 29/7/46 34024 1/11/52 34036 3/3/53         8/60 7/67
3282 34031 3/6/46 34100 8/11/58           11/58 7/67
3283 34030 20/5/46             10/61 9/64
3284 34029 13/5/46 34041 30/11/48           5/59 1/66
3285 34033 29/6/46 34032 13/10/48           3/59 10/66
3286 34032 18/6/46 34033 18/10/48           11/58 12/65
3287 32034 11/7/46 34060 20/9/54         5/59 6/67
3288 34035 7/46 35027 12/48 34060 25/3/49 34054 2/51       3/63 9/64
3289 34037 30/8/46 34059 31/1/49 34034 9/54         8/60 7/67
3290 34041 30/9/46 34015 31/7/47 34089 12/48 34075 14/9/57 34080 4/64   ----- 9/64
3291 34042 7/10/46 34005 8/48 34061 31/1/49         11/62 8/64
3292 34039 16/9/46 34055 23/5/49           10/61 6/63
3293 34040 23/9/46 34052 7/1/49 34073 4/10/58         10/58 6/64
3294 34043 15/10/46 34041 31/7/47 34035 1/49         11/59 6/63
3295 34045 28/10/46 34048 27/3/54 34089 21/2/59         11/60 7/67
3296 34046 14/11/46 34001 7/2/48 34109 16/11/57         3/61 9/64
3297 34047 23/11/46 34044 4/11/48 34019 1/4/49 34070 6/6/53 34067 5/9/56     5/58 ?
3298 34048 30/11/46 34045 25/3/54 34086 27/8/58         1/60 6/66
3299 34050 16/12/46 34046 9/12/48 34049 21/5/53         11/59 12/63
3300 34049 9/12/46 34004 24/7/48 34055 7/1/49 34057 5/5/49 34058 1/1/51     11/60 10/64
3301 34051 30/12/46 34042 28/2/49 34083 27/11/58         1/59 8/64
3302 34054 1/47 34040 21/1/49 34004 1/4/66         10/60 6/67
3303 34052 31/12/46 34038 31/12/48 34002 3/12/55         3/62 4/67
3304 34053 21/1/47 34026 4/4/49 34104 25/1/58 34039 18/8/65     5/61 5/65
3305 34055 13/2/47 34004 3/2/49 34092 11/1/58         11/62 11/64
3306 34056 25/2/47             12/60 5/67
3307 34057 8/3/47 34053 25/4/49 34103 18/10/58         10/58 9/65
3308 34061 29/4/47 34015 7/1/49           12/61 4/67
3309 34058 2/4/47 34049 18/2/49 34046 21/5/53 34044 15/5/56 34084 11/4/60     4/60 10/65
3310 34059 3/4/47             6/52 6/63
3311 34060 25/4/47 34043 18/1/49 34058 11/3/49 34060 13/11/50 34034 20/9/54 34023 22/9/54   2/62 ?
3312 34068 7/10/47             12/58 12/63
3313 34062 30/5/47 34005 2/49 34039 8/10/52 34104 8/65       Rebodied 1/59 6/67
3314 34064 14/7/47             4/62 5/66
3315 34063 29/5/47 34105 12/59         8/58 10/64
3316 34065 8/7/47 34051 25/8/50           1/60 9/65
3317 34066 5/9/47             3/58 9/66
3318 34067 3/9/47 34070 5/9/56         1/63 8/64
3319 34070 21/10/47 34019 6/6/53 34023 21/5/67       9/61 7/67
3320 34069 29/10/47             ----- 11/63
3321 34071 17/4/48             5/60 4/67
3322 34072 24/4/48 34021 19/11/57           12/57 7/67
3323 34073 6/5/48 34052 10/7/58           9/58 7/67
3324 34074 27/5/48 34014 10/2/58           3/58 3/65
3325 34075 9/6/48 34003 28/9/57           9/57 9/64
3326 34076 26/6/48 34027 13/9/57 34108 11/64       9/57 6/67
3327 34077 10/7/48 34045 29/7/58 34050 7/12/64       10/58 8/65
3328 34078 21/7/48             ----- 9/64
3329 34082 24/9/48             4/60 4/66
3330 34079 23/7/48 34037 14/1/58           3/58 7/67
3331 34080 20/8/48 34022 4/11/57 34025 11/7/62         12/57 7/67
3332 34081 10/9/48 34025 19/9/57 34022 11/7/62         10/57 4/65
3333 35021 9/48 35024 11/48 34089 11/3/49 34048 14/3/59       3/59 3/66
3334 34083 14/10/48 34042 11/11/58           1/59 10/65
3335 35022 10/48 34090 1/2/49 34010 31/1/59         1/59 3/65
3336 3404 4/11/48 34044 7/5/60         5/60 5/67
3337 34085 19/11/48             6/60 9/65
3338 34087 17/12/48 34031 20/4/65           12/60 9/65
3339 34088 22/12/48 34016 25/2/58           4/58 6/64
3340 34086 2/12/48 34018 7/8/58           9/58 7/67
3351 34091 9/49           8/61 9/64
3352 34092 9/49 34004 1/2/58 34040 13/3/66       2/58 7/67
3353 34098 12/49 34050 20/6/58           8/58 ?
3354 34100 12/49 34031 29/11/58 34087 4/65       Rebodied 11/58 7/67
3355 34095 10/49             1/61 7/67
3356 34093 10/49 34029 27/10/58           12/58 9/64
3357 34097 11/49             3/61 4/66
3358 34094 10/49 34005 29/6/57           6/57 10/66
3359 34099 12/49             10/61 11/64
3360 34096 11/49 34050 9/3/56 34096 7/56 34017 8/10/57       11/57 10/66
3361 34101 2/50 34105 5/54 34047 10/9/58         11/58 6/67
3362 34102 3/50             7/61 7/67
3363 34103 2/50 34053 26/9/58         11/58 10/65
3364 34104 4/50 34026 9/1/58         2/58 9/66
3365 34107 4/50             6/61 9/64
3366 34105 3/50 34101 1/2/53           9/60 7/66
3367 34108 4/50 34013 9/9/57           10/57 7/67
3368 34106 3/50 34012 4/12/57           1/58 11/66
3369 34109 5/50 34001 23/11/57           11/57 7/67
3370 34110 26/1/51             8/58 5/64
N.B. Withdrawal dates shown are for the locomotive to which the tender was attached.
 
Allocation by locomotive:
Black = 8' 6" cab and tender Purple = 8' 6" cab and 9' tender Red = 9' cab and 8' 6" tender Blue = 9' cab and tender
Green = LMS tender LR = Locomotive modified with 9' cab MT = Modified tender
-M = Tender previously modified -NM = Not modified replacing modified tender
34001 3251 New 3296 7/2/48 LR, MT 3369 23/11/57  
34002 3253 New 3303 3/12/55 MT 31/3/62  
34003 3252 New 3255 12/45 3262 1/46 3290 3/49 LR, MT 3325 28/9/57  
34004 3265 New 3271 30/9/47 10411 24/7/48 3300 24/7/48 3305 3/2/49 LR, MT 3352 1/2/58 3302 1/4/66
34005 3264 New 10346 28/5/48 3291 8/48 3313 2/49 3260 ? LR, MT 3358 29/6/57  
34006 3266 New 3268 31/7/47 10329 9/3/48 3271 9/8/48 3262 14/2/49 MT 5/8/61  
34007 3268 New 3266 31/7/47 MT 8/12/62  
34008 3270 New LR, MT 25/6/60  
34009 3271 New 3265 30/9/47 LR, MT 27/1/61  
34010 3269 New LR, MT 3335 31/1/59  
34011 3272 New 3263 6/47 MT 27/9/52  
34012 3263 New 3272 30/6/47 3368 4/12/57 LR, MT 3368 17/1/58  
34013 3254 New LR, MT 3367 12/10/57  
34014 3257 New LR, MT 3324 15/3/58  
34015 3255 New 3252 31/12/45 3290 31/7/47 3308 7/1/49 MT 9/12/61  
34016 3259 New 3255 25/2/46 LR, MT 3339 5/4/58  
34017 3258 New LR, MT 3360 9/11/57  
34018 3262 New 3255 17/1/46 3259 25/2/46 LR, MT 3340 27/9/58  
34019 3261 New 3297 1/4/49 3319 6/6/53 MT 23/9/61  
34020 3267 New MT 27/5/61  
34021 3277 New LR, MT 3355 24/12/57  
34022 3278 New LR, MT 3331 7/12/57 3332 11/7/62  
34023 3273 New 3311 22/9/54 MT 10/2/62 3319 21/5/67  
34024 3274 New 3281 1/11/52 3274 3/3/53 LR, MT 11/2/61  
34025 3275 New 3276 16/4/48 LR, MT 3332 26/10/57 3331 11/7/62  
34026 3280 New 3304 4/4/49 LR, MT 3364 15/2/58  
34027 3276 New 3275 16/4/48 3276 24/2/51 3275 26/4/51 LR, MT 3326 13/9/57 3254 14/11/64  
34028 3279 New LR, MT 3370 9/8/58  
34029 3284 New 3251 4/1/49 LR, MT 3356 13/12/58  
34030 3283 New  
34031 3282 New LR, MT 3354 29/11/58 3338 20/4/65  
34032 3286 New 3285 13/10/48 MT 14/3/59 LR 22/10/60  
34033 3285 New 3286 18/10/48 MT 8/11/58  
34034 3287 New 3311 20/9/54 3273 22/9/54 3289 9/54 LR, MT 20/8/60  
34035 3288 New 3294 1/49 MT 28/11/59  
34036 3281 New 3274 1/11/52 3281 3/3/53 LR, MT 27/8/60  
34037 3289 New 3268 10/2/49 LR, MT 3330 1/3/58  
34038 3256 New 3303 31/12/48 3253 3/12/55 MT 19/8/61 3252 28/8/65  
34039 3292 New 3260 9/6/49 3313 8/10/52 LR, MT 17/1/59 3304 18/8/65  
34040 3293 New 3302 21/1/49 LR, MT 8/10/60 3352 13/3/66  
34041 3290 New 3294 31/7/47 3284 30/11/48 MT 30/5/59  
34042 3291 New 3268 27/4/48 3301 28/2/49 LR, MT 3334 2/1/59  
34043 3294 New 3252 31/7/47 3251 16/8/48 3310 18/1/49 MT 7/6/52  
34044 3260 New 3297 4/11/48 3261 1/4/49 3309 15/5/56 LR, MT 3336 7/5/60  
34045 3295 New 3298 25/3/54 LR, MT 3327 17/12/58  
34046 3296 New 3251 1/48 3299 9/12/48 3309 21/5/53 3261 15/5/56 LR, MT 3261 21/2/59  
34047 3297 New 3252 25/11/48 LR, MT 3361 1/11/58  
34048 3298 New 3295 27/3/54 LR, MT 3333 14/3/59  
34049 3300 New 3264 1/2/48 3309 18/2/49 3299 21/5/53 MT 14/11/59  
34050 3299 New 3256 15/12/48 3360 9/3/56 3256 4/7/56 LR, MT 3353 29/8/58 3327 7/12/64  
34051 3301 New 3280 21/3/49 3316 25/8/50 MT 16/1/60  
34052 3303 New 3293 7/1/49 LR, MT 3323 13/9/58  
34053 3304 New 3307 25/4/49 LR, MT 3363 15/11/58  
34054 3302 New 3288 2/51 MT 16/3/63  
34055 3305 New 3300 7/1/49 3292 23/5/49 MT 21/10/61  
34056 3306 New LR, MT 24/12/60  
34057 3307 New 3300 5/5/49 3264 17/5/50 MT 16/12/61  
34058 3309 New 3311 11/3/49 3300 1/1/51 LR, MT 5/11/60  
34059 3310 New 3289 31/1/49 3273 9/54 LR, MT 26/3/60  
34060 3311 New 3288 25/3/49 3311 13/11/50 3287 20/9/54 MT 30/5/59 LR 26/11/60  
34061 3308 New 3291 3/1/49 MT 3/11/62  
34062 3313 New 3271 13/1/49 LR, MT 28/3/59  
34063 3315 New 3252 22/12/59 MT 23/1/60 3253 28/8/63  
34064 3314 New MT 28/4/62    
34065 3316 New 3280 25/8/50 MT 14/11/52  
34066 3317 New MT 22/3/58  
34067 3318 New 3297 5/9/56 MT 10/5/58 3267 ?  
34068 3312 New MT 13/12/58  
34069 3320 New  
34070 3319 New 3297 6/6/53 3318 5/9/56 MT 26/1/63  
34071 3321 New LR, MT 21/5/60  
34072 3322 New 3277 22/11/57  
34073 3323 New 3293 4/10/58 MT 4/10/58  
34074 3324 New 3257 5/2/58  
34075 3325 New 3290 14/9/57 3278-M 4/64  
34076 3326 New 3275 7/9/57 MT 15/8/59  
34077 3327 New 3259 12/8/58 MT 89/7/60  
34078 3328 New  
34079 3330 New 3268 29/1/58 MT 2/5/59  
34080 3331 New 3278 13/11/57 MT 27/6/59 3290-NM 4/64  
34081 3332 New 3276 25/9/57 MT 4/7/59  
34082 3329 New LR, MT 23/4/60  
34083 3334 New 3301 27/11/58 MT 10/1/59  
34084 3336 New 3309 11/4/60 MT 30/4/60  
34085 3337 New LR, MT 11/6/60  
34086 3340 New 3298 27/8/58 MT 9/1/60  
34087 3338 New LR, MT 10/12/60 3354 4/65  
34088 3339 New 3255 23/3/58 LR, MT 9/12/60  
34089 3290 New 3333 11/3/49 3295 21/2/59 LR, MT 12/11/60  
34090 3335 New 3269 1/59 LR, MT 6/8/60  
34091 3351 New MT 26/8/61  
34092 3352 New 3305 11/1/58 MT 24/11/62  
34093 3356 New 3251 22/11/58 LR, MT 28/5/60  
34094 3358 New 3260 1/6/57 MT 6/1/62  
34095 3355 New LR, MT 14/1/61  
34096 3360 New 3256 4/56 3360 7/56 3258 2/11/57 LR, MT 8/4/61  
34097 3357 New LR, MT 4/3/61  
34098 3354 New 3256 23/8/58 MT 12/12/59 LR 18/2/61  
34099 3359 New MT 28/10/61  
34100 3354 New MT 3282 8/11/58 LR 24/9/60  
34101 3361 New 3366 1/2/53 LR, MT 10/9/60  
34102 3362 New MT 1/7/61  
34103 3363 New MT 3307 18/10/58  
34104 3364 New 3304 25/1/58 LR, MT 13/5/61 3313 8/65  
34105 3366 New 3361 5/54 3252 1/10/58 3315-M 12/59  
34106 3368 New 3272 MT 16/6/61  
34107 3365 New MT 24/6/61  
34108 3367 New 3254 28/9/57 MT 16/5/59 LR 22/4/61 3326-M 11/64  
34109 3369 New 3296 16/11/57 LR, MT 18/3/61  
34110 3370 New MT 3279 2/8/58  

Please note, this article only touches on the complexity of this subject and for more in-depth information you are recommended to read one of the many excellent books on the subject,
e.g.The Book of the West Country and Battle of Britain Pacifics, Richard Derry, Irwell Press ISBN 1-903266-23-8
Locomotives of the Southern Railway, Part 2, D L Bradley, ISBN 0-9011115-31-2.

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